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Communication with community resources status, average score (Indicator)


The average status score of clients on the communication with community resources domain.

Alternate names:

Short name
Communication with community resources status

Outcome Areas


Using a common scale across indicators provides an evaluation system that is flexible, intuitive, and easy to analyze and report. The Omaha System is a common classification scheme and scoring system that has been translated to other common measures.

Using the Omaha System allows researchers to compare outcomes across a variety of indicators. Practitioners developed the Omaha System as part of four federally funded research projects conducted between 1975 and 1993. Staff and managers at the Visiting Nurse Association of Omaha and seven additional test sites revised and refined the structure and terms and established reliability, validity, and usability. The Omaha System was intended to be as intuitive, brief, and flexible as possible. Its structure, terms, definitions, and codes have not been copyrighted so that they are available for use without permission. Although the Omaha System exists in the public domain, it is necessary to maintain its integrity and identify a reference in publications and software.

Calculation rules

Computation Rule:

The sum of domain status scores across clients
A count of clients with a domain status score


One data element. A five point scale rating an individual's self-sufficiency in a particular domain, from 1 "in crisis" to 5 "empowered".


The indicator can be developed as an average score across participants, or as the change measured pre- and post-intervention.


Martin KS. (2005). The Omaha System: A Key to Practice, Documentation, and Information Management (Reprinted 2nd ed.). Omaha, NE: Health Connections Press. Minnesota

Omaha System Users Group. (2010). Omaha System KBS Rating Supplement. Accessed August 16, 2017.

Topaz, M., Golfenshtein, N., & Bowles, K. H. (2014). The Omaha System: a systematic review of the recent literature. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, 21(1), 163–170.

Additional Attributes

Slot name Type Value Similar


Data collection

Observations and tests




Access to services


Social inclusion

Terms of use

The Omaha System has existed in the public domain since 1975, and, therefore, is not held under copyright. The complete terms, definitions, and codes are presented in Appendix A and Appendix E of the 2005 book and may be used by anyone without permission and without a licensing fee from Health Connections Press or the developers. However, the terms and structure must be used as described in the 2005 book, and referenced (ie 2005 book or Web site).